Flooring Refinishing Services
This process involves sanding the top layer of the hardwood floor eliminating the finish and getting down to raw wood in order to refinish the hardwood flooring. This is done for a couple of reasons. The first is if the floors are looking old and have many scratches in them from year of wear and tear. This will allow restoration of the flooring to its original luster and finish. The second reason to do this is to change the colour of the floors. This is usually done when clients install solid hardwood stairs and like to modernize their existing floors to a different stain.
The floors are sanded using a drum sander. This process produces a considerable amount of dust and although there are ways of minimizing this dust to some extent, it is not possible to entirely eliminate it. This may prove to be an unsuitable option for families who are living in the residence as the work is being done, specially if they suffer from dust allergies. It is recommended that residents clean their ducts upon the completion of the refinishing process to eliminate any dust accumulation in the ducts.
Solid hardwood floors, Engineered hardwood floors, parquet floors, and solid hardwood stairs are suitable surfaces for sanding and refinishing.
This section contains information you will need to consider if you are installing unfinished solid or engineered hardwood flooring. When choosing the right type of finish for your floors, consider your lifestyle and maintenance preferences. All wood floors will require routine maintenance, such as sweeping or dust mopping, to keep them looking beautiful and new, but different wood flooring finishes will have a big impact on how you care for your floor long-term, as well as how your floor will look in the years to come.
Surface finishes – are very popular because they are durable, water resistant, and require minimal maintenance. Surface finishes are blends of synthetic resins. These finishes most often referred to as urethane or polyurethanes, and remain on the surface of the wood to form a protective coating. There are several types of surface finishes available: water-based, oil-based, acid-cured, and moisture-cured.
- Water-based finishes – appear clear and will resist turning yellow over time. They have a mild odor when applied, and will dry in two to three hours. Water-based finishes are very durable.
- Oil-based finishes – appear amber in colour. They have a moderate odor when applied, and will dry in about eight hours. Oil-based finishes are very durable.
- Acid-cured finishes – appear clear to slightly amber. They have a strong odor when applied, and will dry in about two to three hours. They are extremely durable.
- Moisture-cured finishes – appear clear to amber. They have a strong odor when applied, and will dry in about two to three hours in humid conditions. Moisture-cured finishes are extremely durable and more moisture-resistant than other surface finishes.
Wax finishes – soak into the pores of the wood and harden to form a protective penetrating seal, which will appear low luster and amber in colour. They have a mild odor when applied and will dry in a variable amount of time depending on the type of wax used and the job-site conditions. Wax finishes are durable, but will show spots from water and other contaminates.
Acrylic impregnated finishes – are injected into the wood to create a super hard, extremely durable floor. Acrylic impregnated finishes rarely are used in residential applications. They most often are used in very high traffic areas in commercial settings such as malls and restaurants.
UV Cured finishes – are waterborne finishes that are cured by the use of ultraviolet light. The cure time is instantaneous. Multiple sheen levels are available. However this finish is not that readily available and will carry a high cost of application.